爬虫 --httpClient 学习

wylc123 3月前 ⋅ 86 阅读

起步例子

package HttpClient;

import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * @_PackageName:PACKAGE_NAME
 * @_ClassName:XiaoMagicFirst
 * @_Description:
 * @_Author:笑老二
 * @_data 2021/01/11 17:39
 */
public class XiaoMagicFirst {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        //1、打开浏览器
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();

        //2、输入网站
        HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet("http://www.itcast.cn");

        //3、发起请求
        CloseableHttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpGet);

        //4、解析获取数据
        //判断状态码是否为200
        if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode()==200){
            HttpEntity httpEntity = response.getEntity();
            String content = EntityUtils.toString(httpEntity, "utf8");

            System.out.println(content);
        }
    }
}

1、HttpGet

package HttpClient;

import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * @_PackageName:PACKAGE_NAME
 * @_ClassName:HttpGetTest
 * @_Description:
 * @_Author:笑老二
 * @_data 2021/01/11 18:02
 */
public class HttpGetTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //创建HttpClient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        //创建HttpGet对象,设置Url地址
        HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet("http://www.itcast.cn");
        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        //使用HttpClient发起请求们获取Response
        try {
            response = httpClient.execute(httpGet);
            //解析
            if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode()==200){
                String content = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf8");
                System.out.println(content.length());
            }

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally {
            //关闭response
            try {
                response.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            //关闭浏览器
            try {
                httpClient.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

    }
}

2、HttpGetParamTest

package HttpClient;

import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.utils.URIBuilder;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * @_PackageName:PACKAGE_NAME
 * @_ClassName:HttpGetParamTest
 * @_Description:
 * @_Author:笑老二
 * @_data 2021/01/11 18:14
 */
public class HttpGetParamTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //创建HttpClient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();

        //创建URIBuilder
        URIBuilder uriBuilder = new URIBuilder("http://yun.itheima.com/search");



        //设置请求地址
        //设置参数
        uriBuilder.setParameter("keys","Java");

        //创建HttpGet
        HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet(uriBuilder.build());

        System.out.println("发起请求的信息:"+httpGet);

        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        //使用HttpClient发起请求们获取Response
        try {
            response = httpClient.execute(httpGet);
            //解析
            if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode()==200){
                String content = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf8");
                System.out.println(content.length());
            }

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally {
            //关闭response
            try {
                response.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            //关闭浏览器
            try {
                httpClient.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

    }
}

3、HttpPost

package HttpClient;

import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * @_PackageName:PACKAGE_NAME
 * @_ClassName:HttpGetTest
 * @_Description:
 * @_Author:笑老二
 * @_data 2021/01/11 18:02
 */
public class HttpPostTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //创建HttpClient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        //创建HttpPost对象,设置Url地址
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost("http://www.itcast.cn");

        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        //使用HttpClient发起请求们获取Response
        try {
            response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            //解析
            if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode()==200){
                String content = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf8");
                System.out.println(content.length());
            }

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally {
            //关闭response
            try {
                response.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            //关闭浏览器
            try {
                httpClient.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

    }
}

4、HttpPostParamTest

package HttpClient;

import org.apache.http.NameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.client.entity.UrlEncodedFormEntity;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.message.BasicNameValuePair;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;


/**
 * @_PackageName:PACKAGE_NAME
 * @_ClassName:HttpGetTest
 * @_Description:
 * @_Author:笑老二
 * @_data 2021/01/11 18:02
 */
public class HttpPostParamTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //创建HttpClient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        //创建HttpPost对象,设置Url地址
        HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost("http://yun.itheima.com/search");


        //声明List集合,封装表单中的参数
        List<NameValuePair> params = new ArrayList<NameValuePair>();
        //设置请求地址:  http://yun.itheima.com/search?keys=Java
        params.add(new BasicNameValuePair("keys","Java"));

        //创建表单的Entity对象 params:是表单数据,第二个是:编码格式
        UrlEncodedFormEntity formEntity = new UrlEncodedFormEntity(params,"utf8");

        //设置表单的Entity对象到Post请求中
        httpPost.setEntity(formEntity);

        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        //使用HttpClient发起请求们获取Response
        try {
            response = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
            //解析
            if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode()==200){
                String content = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf8");
                System.out.println(content.length());
            }

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally {
            //关闭response
            try {
                response.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            //关闭浏览器
            try {
                httpClient.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

    }
}

5、HttpConfig

package HttpClient;

import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * @_PackageName:PACKAGE_NAME
 * @_ClassName:HttpGetTest
 * @_Description:
 * @_Author:笑老二
 * @_data 2021/01/11 18:02
 */
public class HttpConfigTest {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //创建HttpClient对象
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.createDefault();
        //创建HttpGet对象,设置Url地址
        HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet("http://www.itcast.cn");

        //配置请求信息
        RequestConfig config = RequestConfig.custom().setConnectTimeout(500)//设置创建的连接最长时间,毫秒
                .setConnectionRequestTimeout(1000)//设置获取连接最长时间,单位毫秒
                .setSocketTimeout(10 * 1000) //设置数据传输的最长时间
                .build();

        //给请求设置请求信息
        httpGet.setConfig(config);

        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;
        //使用HttpClient发起请求们获取Response
        try {
            response = httpClient.execute(httpGet);
            //解析
            if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode() == 200) {
                String content = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf8");
                System.out.println(content.length());
            }

        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            //关闭response
            try {
                response.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            //关闭浏览器
            try {
                httpClient.close();
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

    }
}

6、HttpClientPool 连接池

package HttpClient;

import org.apache.http.client.methods.CloseableHttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.impl.conn.PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
import sun.net.www.http.HttpClient;

import java.io.IOException;

/**
 * @_PackageName:PACKAGE_NAME
 * @_ClassName:HttpClientPool
 * @_Description:
 * @_Author:笑老二
 * @_data 2021/01/11 18:39
 */
public class HttpClientPool {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        //创建连接池管理器
        PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager cm = new PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager();

        //设置最大连接数
        cm.setMaxTotal(100);
        //设置每个主机的最大连接数
        //比如:百度页面要继续访问就需要去访问其他的主机,要均衡使用
        cm.setDefaultMaxPerRoute(10);

        //使用连接池管理器
        doGet(cm);
        doGet(cm);
    }

    private static void doGet(PoolingHttpClientConnectionManager cm) {
        //不是每次创建新的HttpClient,而是从连接池中进行获取
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient = HttpClients.custom().setConnectionManager(cm).build();

        HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet("http://www.itcast.cn");

        CloseableHttpResponse response = null;

        try {
            response = httpClient.execute(httpGet);
            if (response.getStatusLine().getStatusCode()==200){
                String content = EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity(), "utf8");
                System.out.println(content.length());
            }
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }finally {
            if (response!=null){
                try {
                    response.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
            //这里不能关闭httpClient,连接池进行管理
            //httpClient.close();
        }
    }
}


作者:XiaoCoder
链接:https://ld246.com/article/1610375287069
来源:链滴
协议:CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/


相关文章推荐

全部评论: 0

    我有话说: